What is Periodontal Flap Surgery?
Flap surgery is the most often used treatment for treating and healing periodontal pockets today. Periodontal pockets are regions beneath the gum line where the tissue of the gums has separated from the teeth, leaving an uncleanable zone where dangerous germs are able to grow. These bacteria produce tissue inflammation, leading to sensitivity, bleeding, and discomfort. If left untreated, they can cause a number of issues, including gum disease, bone loss, and even whole-body issues.
When periodontal Flap pockets form, the initial step in the treatment is usually manual or ultrasonic cleaning and scaling, which is known as root debridement. If this does not work, periodontal flap surgery is recommended.
Flap surgery is not a solution for periodontal disease, but it does help to establish a situation that makes maintaining your periodontal health easier. Even if you are prone to gum disease, expert treatment and regular home care can help maintain your teeth as healthy as possible for as long as possible.
What Are the Purposes of The Flap Surgery?
There are two purposes of flap surgery for gums.
1. One is to eliminate or reduce the pocket. A flap-like incision is created in the gum tissue to gain access to the pocket. This allows the dentist to remove unhealthy tissue within the pocket and access the root surfaces of the teeth for a thorough cleaning, assisting in the removal of toxic tarter. The “flap” is then closed, enclosing the area in place. This starts the healing procedure, which happens quickly.
2. Another goal is to regenerate periodontal ligament and bone cells that may have been lost as a result of the disease. To do this, dentists employ a range of treatments, including high-tech bone grafting technologies and substances known as growth factors. These methods support the healthy and stable anchoring of teeth while assisting in the restoration of the gums to their original shape and function.